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page id: 236119 NBA Basketball Defensive Terminology

Basketball Footfakes (Video)


Footfakes:
NBA Basketball Defensive Terminology: Quick step fakes by offensive players. The basketball  (external link) defensive player takes these fakes by creating space with the back foot to allow proper reaction.

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A few examples of foot fakes include:
1.A quick bending of the knees to fake a jump shot, followed by a drive to the basket should the defender leave his feet, or continuing with the shot if he don't.

2.A quick step forward and back, followed by either a shot or fake shot and drive to the basket.

Jab step
A jab step, also known as side step, is performed when a player holds onto the ball before dribbling while his non-pivot leg performs a jabbing forward or side motion. This move is used to test defender's defensive weaknesses and stance. A combination of the pump fake, the drive, the shot and the crossover drive can be performed along with the jab step to lure the opponent out of his defense.

forward Carmelo Anthony is well known for taking the jab step, as was 13-year pro Kiki Vandeweghe. When the player does this, the defender falls off from their defensive stance, creating a space between the player and the defender, allowing them to take a quick mid-range jumper, a three-pointer, or a drive "to the lane."

Pump fake:
A pump fake (also called a shot fake) is a feigned attempt at a jump shot, restrained before the feet leave the ground. The pump fake is a fundamental move in basketball, used to cause defenders to jump (known in basketball slang as "lifting" the defender) or be shifted off-balance. Its main applications are in the low post area, where a player is much more likely to have his or her shot blocked. On the perimeter, it is useful in creating open lanes to the basket by "showing" the ball enough to entice a defender to attempt to block or steal it, allowing the dribbler to penetrate easily. Michael Jordan, Kawhi Leonard,Kobe Bryant, and Dwyane Wade are known to be masters of the pump fake.

Shuffle
This move is similar to the jab step, but smaller. It is when a player uses multiple very little jab steps to throw off a defender and keep him constantly guessing whether you will go to the basket or not. It was used frequently by former San Antonio Spurs forward Tim Duncan.



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